The comparative structures in English

In English, the comparative structures are very common parts which be used in Communication and Exams.

The formulas and usage of the comparative structures are listed below:

1. Using as…as:

When comparing with as .. as, the adjective does not change
cautrucsosanhtrongtienganh

Examples:

a.  She is as beautiful as an angel.

b. My sister drives as fast as my brother does

2. Using not as…as / not so…as:

sosanhkem

Examples:

a. Peter is not so tall as John.

b. I do not eat as much as my best friend.

3.  Comparing with than:

  • 1-syllable adjectives:

sosanhhon1amtiet

  • More than or 2-syllable adjectives, adverbs:

sosanhhonnhieuamtiet

Examples:

a. She is smarter than her.

b. This hat is more expensive than others.

Notes:

  • When add “er”, if the words end: consonant-vowel-consonant, then the last consonant is usually doubled in the comparative.

Examples:

hot  ->  hotter

fat   ->  fatter

thin ->  thinner

fit    -> fitter

  • 2-syllable adjectives ending in “et, ow, le, er” applied the formula of 1-syllable adjectives.

Examples:

clever  -> cleverer

simple -> simpler

narrow -> narrower

  • 2-syllable adjectives ending in -y: change the -y to -ier

Examples:

happy -> happier

easy -> easier

lucky -> luckier

  • Comparing with than have no the negative formula : not.

Examples:

I is cleverer than you  -> You are not as clever as me.

Don’t write:      You are not cleverer than me.

4. The superlative:

  • 1-syllable adjectives:

sosanhnhat1amtiet

  • More than or 2-syllable adjectives, adverbs:

sosanhnhatnhieuamtiet

Examples:

a. He is the tallest student in the class.

b. Peter is the most intelligent person in this room.

 

Some irregular adjectives:

Adjective with than superlative
Good/well better the best
Badly/bad/ill worse the worst
Little less the least
Much/many more the most
Far father/further the farther/furthest

5. Comparative adjectives: -er and er, more and more

5.1.  Same adjective:

  • 1-syllable adjectives:

sosanhkepcungtinhtu1

  • More than or 2-syllable adjectives, adverbs:

sosanhkepcungtinhtu2

Examples:

a. It is colder and colder.

b. Her son is more and more famous.

5.2. Different adjectives:

sosanhkepkhactinhtu

Examples:

a. The richer you are, the more selfish you becomes.

b. The more intelligent he is, the lazier he becomes.

c. The more you learn, the more you know.

You can refer to the application English grammar from basic to advanced and some other English learning applications here.

download-on-google-play

 


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